Development Policy is a cross-cutting task of the German policy. It touches on economic, financial, social and ecological areas of German foreign policy, while at the same time being understood to be the global structural policy that contributes to peace and security. The overarching objective of German development policy is to fight poverty.
The German government has set the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals as its goal, which includes reducing extreme poverty worldwide by half by the year 2015. German efforts in development aid identify the fight against poverty as an overall target.
The German Development Cooperation (EZ) focuses worldwide on a total of about 50 partner countries.
Germany is an important bilateral donor for Kenya. During the government negotiations in 2010, Kenya received a new pledge of a total of 138 Million Euro for the period 2010 to 2013. Of this amount, 112 Million Euro was for the financial cooperation, while 26 Million went to technical cooperation. Together with the Kenyan government, the following areas of cooperation were agreed upon:
- Development of the Health Sector
- Private Sector Development in Agriculture
- Reform of the Water and Sanitation Sector
Furthermore, cooperation takes place in the following areas:
- Good Governance
- Reform of Public Finance Management
- Renewable Energies and Energy Efficiency
- Education in Urban Slums.
In response to the drought in the Horn of Africa, there was a further pledge of funds for short-term famine relief, but also to reinforce medium- to long-term resilience against the recurring droughts; Kenya alone received a pledge of some 50 Million Euro. This assistance also includes additional support for the Dadaab and Kakuma refugee camps.