The German Government provides humanitarian assistance in numerous crisis situations around the world. According to the principle of subsidiarity, it is applied where the government of a country hit by disaster is unable or unwilling to do so itself to a sufficient extent. Important factor for the success of a need-oriented and efficient application of humanitarian assistance is the coordination of relief measures with other humanitarian actors. The German Government therefore backs and supports the work of the United Nations WFP Food Assistance (© German Embassy Nairobi) Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
Clearly, International Humanitarian Assistance is also of high relevance in Kenya and Somalia:
Despite positive developments in 2012 and 2013, the political situation in Somalia is still highly fragile. In addition to that, recurrent droughts and floods lead to crises in which affected people are in dire need of international humanitarian assistance. This overall situation, which was recently aggravated by the extreme drought in 2011, also caused enormous refugee movements that have high impacts on Somalia's neighbouring countries: Hundreds of thousands persons inside Somalia have been internally displaced; approximately 1 million Somalis have fled to third countries and found refuge in refugee camps, also in Kenya.
Around 426,000 Somalis currently live in the refugee camps in Kakuma (Turkana County) and Dadaab (Garissa County); in Kakuma, there are also some 87,000 refugees from South Sudan. Thus, Kenya is one of the countries with the highest refugee populations in the world, a challenge, the country and its government cannot manage alone. CARE project in Dadaab (© German Embassy Nairobi) For this reason, international humanitarian assistance is particularly required in Kenya. The German Government is significantly engaged in this scenario and supports in Kenya the activities in the refugee camps of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR, with 3.2 Mio EUR in 2013; 2014: 2.0 Mio EUR), the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP, with 2 Mio EUR in 2013; 2014: 1.0 Mio EUR) as well as NGOs (2013: 1.25 Mio EUR).